System > Administration

The System Administration page provides settings for the configuration of SonicWALL security appliance for secure and remote management. You can manage the SonicWALL using a variety of methods, including HTTPS, SNMP or SonicWALL Global Management System (SonicWALL GMS). This chapter contains the following sections

“Firewall Name” on page 135
“Administrator Name & Password”
“Login Security Settings”
“Web Management Settings”
“SSH Management Settings”
“Advanced Management”
“Download URL”

Firewall Name

The Firewall Name uniquely identifies the SonicWALL security appliance and defaults to the serial number of the SonicWALL. The serial number is also the MAC address of the unit. To change the Firewall Name , type a unique alphanumeric name in the Firewall Name field. It must be at least 8 characters in length.

Administrator Name & Password

The Administrator Name can be changed from the default setting of admin to any word using alphanumeric characters up to 32 characters in length. To create a new administrator name, type the new name in the Administrator Name field. Click Accept for the changes to take effect on the SonicWALL.

Changing the Administrator Password

To set a new password for SonicWALL Management Interface access, type the old password in the Old Password field, and the new password in the New Password field. Type the new password again in the Confirm New Password field and click Accept . Once the SonicWALL security appliance has been updated, a message confirming the update is displayed at the bottom of the browser window.

It is recommended you change the default password “ password ” to your own custom password.

One-Time Password

One-Time Password (OTP) is a two-factor authentication scheme that utilizes system- generated, random passwords in addition to standard user name and password credentials. Once users submit the correct basic login credentials, the system generates a one-time password which is sent to the user at a pre-defined email address. The user must retrieve the one-time password from their email, then enter it at the login screen.

Login Security Settings

The internal SonicWALL Web-server now only supports SSL version 3.0 and TLS with strong ciphers (12 -bits or greater) when negotiating HTTPS management sessions. SSL implementations prior to version 3.0 and weak ciphers (symmetric ciphers less than 128-bits) are not supported. This heightened level of HTTPS security protects against potential SSLv2 rollback vulnerabilities and ensures compliance with the Payment Card Industry (PCI) and other security and risk-management standards.

By default, Mozilla Firefox 2.0 and Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 enable SSL 3.0 and TLS, and disable SSL 2.0. SonicWALL recommends using these most recent Web browser releases. If you are using a previous release of these browsers, you should enable SSL 3.0 and TLS and disable SSL 2.0. In Internet Explorer, go to Tools > Internet Options , click on the Advanced tab, and scroll to the bottom of the Settings menu. In Firefox, go to Tools > Options , click on the Advanced tab, and then click on the Encryption tab.


SonicOS Enhanced 5.0 introduced password constraint enforcement, which can be configured to ensure that administrators and users are using secure passwords. This password constraint enforcement can satisfy the confidentiality requirements as defined by current information security management systems or compliance requirements, such as Common Criteria and the Payment Card Industry (PCI) standard.

The Password must be changed every (days) setting requires users to change their passwords after the designated number of days has elapsed. When a user attempts to login with an expired password, a pop-up window will prompt the user to enter a new password. The User Login Status window now includes a Change Password button so that users can change their passwords at any time.

The Bar repeated passwords for this many changes setting requires users to use unique passwords for the specified number of password changes.

The Enforce a minimum password length of setting sets the shortest allowed password.

The Enforce password complexity pulldown menu provides the following options:

Require both alphabetic and numeric characters
Require alphabetic, numeric, and symbolic characters

The Apply these password constraints for checkboxes specify which classes of users the password constraints are applied to. The administrator checkbox refers to the default administrator with the username admin .

The Log out the Administrator Inactivity Timeout after inactivity of (minutes) setting allows you to set the length of inactivity time that elapses before you are automatically logged out of the Management Interface. By default, the SonicWALL security appliance logs out the administrator after five minutes of inactivity. The inactivity timeout can range from 1 to 99 minutes. Click Accept , and a message confirming the update is displayed at the bottom of the browser window.

If the Administrator Inactivity Timeout is extended beyond five minutes, you should end every management session by clicking Logout to prevent unauthorized access to the SonicWALL security appliance’s Management Interface.

The Enable administrator/user lockout setting locks administrators out of accessing the appliance after the specified number of incorrect login attempts.

Failed login attempts per minute before lockout specifies the number of incorrect login attempts within a one minute time frame that triggers a lockout.
Lockout Period (minutes) specifies the number of minutes that the administrator is locked out.

Multiple Administrators

The On preemption by another administrator setting configures what happens when one administrator preempts another administrator using the Multiple Administrators feature. The preempted administrator can either be converted to non-config mode or logged out. For more information on Multiple Administrators, see “Multiple Administrator Support Overview” section .

Drop to non-config mode - Select to allow more than one administrator to access the appliance in non-config mode without disrupting the current administrator.
Log Out - Select to have the new administrator preempt the current administrator.

Allow preemption by a lower priority administrator after inactivity of (minutes) - Enter the number of minutes of inactivity by the current administrator that will allow a lower-priority administrator to preempt.

Enable inter-administrator messaging - Select to allow administrators to send text messages through the management interface to other administrators logged into the appliance. The message will appear in the browser’s status bar.

Messaging polling interval (seconds) - Sets how often the administrator’s browser will check for inter-administrator messages. If there are likely to be multiple administrators who need to access the appliance, this should be set to a reasonably short interval to ensure timely delivery of messages.

Enable Administrator/User Lockout

You can configure the SonicWALL security appliance to lockout an administrator or a user if the login credentials are incorrect. Select the Enable Administrator/User Lockout on login failure checkbox to prevent users from attempting to log into the SonicWALL security appliance without proper authentication credentials. Type the number of failed attempts before the user is locked out in the Failed login attempts per minute before lockout field. Type the length of time that must elapse before the user attempts to log into the SonicWALL again in the Lockout Period (minutes) field.

If the administrator and a user are logging into the SonicWALL using the same source IP address, the administrator is also locked out of the SonicWALL. The lockout is based on the source IP address of the user or administrator.

Web Management Settings

The SonicWALL security appliance can be managed using HTTP or HTTPS and a Web browser. Both HTTP and HTTPS are enabled by default. The default port for HTTP is port 80, but you can configure access through another port. Type the number of the desired port in the Port field, and click Accept . However, if you configure another port for HTTP management, you must include the port number when you use the IP address to log into the SonicWALL security appliance. For example, if you configure the port to be 76, then you must type <LAN IP Address>:76 into the Web browser, i.e. <>. The default port for HTTPS management is 443 .

You can add another layer of security for logging into the SonicWALL security appliance by changing the default port. To configure another port for HTTPS management, type the preferred port number into the Port field, and click Update . For example, if you configure the HTTPS Management Port to be 700, then you must log into the SonicWALL using the port number as well as the IP address, for example, <> to access the SonicWALL.

The Certificate Selection menu allows you to use a self-signed certificate (Use Self-signed Certificate ), which allows you to continue using a certificate without downloading a new one each time you log into the SonicWALL security appliance. You can also choose Import Certificate to select an imported certificate from the System > Certificates page to use for authentication to the management interface.

The Delete Cookies button removes all browser cookies saved by the SonicWALL appliance. Deleting cookies will cause you to lose any unsaved changes made in the Management interface.

To see the Dashboard > Top Global Malware page first when you login, select the Use System Dashboard View as starting page checkbox.

Changing the Default Size for SonicWALL Management Interface Tables

The SonicWALL Management Interface allows you to control the display of large tables of information across all tables in the management Interface. You can change the default table page size in all tables displayed in the SonicWALL Management Interface from the default 50 items per page to any size ranging from 1 to 5,000 items. Some tables, including Active Connections Monitor, VPN Settings, and Log View, have individual settings for items per page which are initialized at login to the value configured here. Once these pages are viewed, their individual settings are maintained. Subsequent changes made here will only affect these pages following a new login.

To change the default table size:

Step 1
Enter the desired number of items per page in the Default Table Size field.
Step 2
Enter the desired interval for background automatic refresh of Monitor tables (including Process Monitor, Active Connections Monitor, and Interface Traffic Statistics) in seconds in the Auto- updated Table Refresh Interval field.
Step 3
Click Accept .


SonicOS Enhanced 5.0 introduced embedded tool tips for many elements in the SonicOS UI. These Tooltips are small pop-up windows that are displayed when you hover your mouse over a UI element. They provide brief information describing the element. Tooltips are displayed for many forms, buttons, table headings and entries.

Not all UI elements have Tooltips. If a Tooltip does not display after hovering your mouse over an element for a couple of seconds, you can safely conclude that it does not have an associated Tooltip.

When applicable, Tooltips display the minimum, maximum, and default values for form entries. These entries are generated directly from the SonicOS firmware, so the values will be correct for the specific platform and firmware combination you are using.

The behavior of the Tooltips can be configured on the System > Administration page.

Tooltips are enabled by default. To disable Tooltips, uncheck the Enable Tooltip checkbox. The duration of time before Tooltips display can be configured:

Form Tooltip Delay - Duration in milliseconds before Tooltips display for forms (boxes where you enter text).
Button Tooltip Delay - Duration in milliseconds before Tooltips display for radio buttons and checkboxes.
Text Tooltip Delay - Duration in milliseconds before Tooltips display for UI text.

SSH Management Settings

If you use SSH to manage the SonicWALL appliance, you can change the SSH port for additional security. The default SSH port is 22 .

Advanced Management

You can manage the SonicWALL security appliance using SNMP or SonicWALL Global Management System. The following sections explain how to configure the SonicWALL for management by these two options.

For more information on SonicWALL Global Management System, go to .